There are four temperaments, across the 16 types…


Rationals are Abstract Utilitarians who speak mostly of what new problems intrigue them and what new solutions they envision, and always pragmatic, they act as efficiently as possible to achieve their objectives, ignoring arbitrary rules and conventions if need be.


As Concrete Utilitarians, Artisans speak mostly about what they see right in front of them, about what they can get their hands on, and they will do whatever works, whatever gives them a quick, effective payoff, even if they have to bend the rules.


As Abstract Cooperators, Idealists speak mostly of what they hope for and imagine might be possible for people, and they want to act in good conscience, always trying to reach their goals without compromising their personal code of ethics.


GUARDIANS are objective and concrete cooperators with regard to their duties and responsibilities. They focus on what’s within their explicit control and their ability to manage. They’re careful to obey the laws, follow the rules, and respect the rights of others.

The above temperament descriptions are partially based on the Keirsey Temperament Sorter®-II personality instrument definitions.